The Definition of Fascism
Fascism is defined as the doctrine of dictatorship by far right conservatives. Historically, dictatorships of this nature were achieved by a merging of state and business leadership to varying degrees, and were invariably enabled by mass media propaganda.
Italian and German fascists were additionally noted for fervent nationalism and racism. By contrast, contemporary fascists are characterized instead by their obsessive desire to undermine the sovereignty of the nation-state, as in Italy and Greece; and, as they aspire to transnational and indeed global control, some are largely indifferent to matters of ethnicity.
Few political or economic doctrines have ever been built from clear conceptual foundations, and instead consist of confused mixtures of unrelated, or even somewhat contradictory, ideas. This is particularly true of fascism. Thus, Nazism, Italian fascism, and Soviet Stalinism (which wasn't truly Communist or Marxist) were all authoritarian, elitist, and anti-democratic. Yet a number of significant differences may also be found among them. This makes precise or concise definition difficult to achieve. Greater clarity is to some extent made possible by referring more specifically to, for example, Italian fascism, or to Stalinism, or to pro-globalization, central bank based fascism, (the latter being, by far, the dominant form of contemporary fascism).
Confusingly, and with intent, modern fascists frequently present themselves as staunch supporters of democracy, or even as superpatriots, while actually holding national sovereignty and the rule of law in contempt.
In the United States, fascism and socialism are routinely confused, as are socialism and communism, perhaps most often by conservatives. This confusion probably owes something to Stalin who, as was noted above, was nominally a communist but who had a great deal in common with fascists. However, socialism and fascism are, in principle at least, polar opposites. Of course, in every country, there are a few political figures nominally of the left who in fact harbor fascist proclivities, most commonly of the pro-globalization variety.
There are always numerous politicians and businessmen everywhere who are fundamentally opportunistic, and whose only real ideology is the belief that whatever is good for them personally is very good indeed.
A strong case could be made that this attitude comprises the root motivation of all forms of fascism, and all nominal fascist ideology flows from it as a rationalization for it.
The deepest roots of contemporary, pro-globalization fascism (PGF) lie with international banking, in particular, with the activities of the Rothschild international banking family, the Rockefeller oil and banking family (which has always had a connection with the Bush dynasty), and with international banker J. P. Morgan.
The institutions of PGF, overwhelming influenced by this triumverate, may be dated to the end of World War II.
Under the "Owen Plan" (probably strongly influenced by J. P. Morgan) Germany was required to pay a World War I reparations debt of 121,000,000,000 Reichsmarks. (By one estimate, about $144 billion, US.) Payments were to be made to the privately owned Bank for International Settlements, an institution architected by Hjalmar Schacht, who was to become one of Hitler's chief economic advisors.
This bank was just one of an international network of privately owned central banks. (Both England and the US had, and still have, such fascist banks.)
In 1944, at a world-altering conference held at Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, dissolution of the bank was discussed; but it survived, and indeed it ultimately went on to become the central bank of central bankers.
Central banks can serve an important regulatory purpose; however, privately-owned banks have no legitimate role of any kind to play in regulating the economies of democracies, and still less any legitimate role to play in their governance. Nevertheless, American pro-globalization fascists at Bretton Woods planned, instead, a dominant, and indeed global role for such banks.
In addition to the sanctioning of the BIS by conference participants, US Treasury Department fascist Harry Dexter White, under the tutelage of fascist Jacob Viner, architected the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank (International Bank for Reconstruction and Development). These objectives were seconded by British economist and currency speculator John Maynard Keyes.
Tariffs, essential to protecting national economies from various predatory practices, were an early target of the Bretton Woods regime (and remain anathema to fascists to this day).
In keeping with ambitions for a global far-right dicatorship, the clearest part of the fascist agenda is "globalization. "
Modern American fascists have manged to embed unconstitutional anti-sovereignty law into international trade accords such as the Chapter 11 provisions of NAFTA and the Chapter 12 provisions of CAFTA.
National sovereignty is, of course, a major obstacle to any would-be global dictatorship, and, at the same time, also acts to brake the powers of international bankers.
In subsequent years, the World Bank and IMF have imposed so-called "Structural Adjustment Programs" on improverished countries. These programs aim to strip national sovereignty, in part to provide control of the national resources of impoverished countries by transnational corporations.
The Bush war on Iraq was also launched from similar motives.
(The Bush family has a long history of intimate involvement with fascist, including Nazi, enterprises.)
The spread of global fascism has been greatly abetted by the active participation of fascist American mass media, headquartered, like fascist banks and finace corporations, in New York city).
While the key involvement of propagandists such as Paul Goebbels in Nazi Germany and Galeazzo Ciano in fascist Italy is reasonably well-known, fascist influence in the American mass media, though obvious, has yet to be adequately investigated and documented.
However, it is known that J. P. Morgan became interested in the propaganda possibilities of radio as early as 1914. Beyond question, he was the force behind General Electric; and his puppet Owen Young was the force behind RCA, which in turn gave rise to NBC.
By January of 1927, NBC had established two broadcast networks, the "red" and the "blue"; and in 1943 ABC was created from the "blue" network.
From 1922, the commercial broadcasting lobby NAB (National Association of Broadcasters) acted from fascist motivations to undermine the creation of public sector broadcasting, as described in detail in Robert W. McChesney's "Telecommunications, Mass Media, & Democracy." Crucially, the NAB is fiercely opposed to providing free air time to political candidates. Yet the cost of political advertising is the primary reason why enormous "campaign contributions" (legal bribes) are needed to finance political campaigns.
Nor was print media immune from fascist influence: by 1936 the New York Times, New York Herald Tribune, Christian Science Monitor, Boston Evening Transcript, and the Washington Post had all come under fascist sway. (The Washington Post remains the fascist publication of record.)
Academia, too has been infiltrated: Yale Univeristy, Harvard University, and the University of Chicago are pervasively fascist in orientation.
Perhaps of greatest concern of all is the increasing prevalence of fascist surveillance and policing in nominal democracies in both the East and the West.
England today bristles with surveillance cameras, as increasingly does the US. It has become increasingly obvious that such surveillance is primarily political in nature, and has little to do with crime or terrorism.
George Bush, who initiated an illegal domestic wiretapping program, provided, as its rationale, the events of 9/11/2001.
However, it has emerged that planning for domestic spying, like planning for the invasion of Iraq, may have long preceded the events of 9/11.
If terrorism was not the rationale for domestic spying, it is apparent that Bush had other motives. These soon became apparent. In the face of a notable absence of evidence, The Manhattan Institute, a fascist think tank with links to Bush and Cheney, argued that "domestic terrorists" were of major concern (and yet somehow couldn't be dealt with by the FBI). Also making related arguments were the corporations that comprise the "imprisonment for profit" industry. The Council on Foreign Relations, too, jumped on this bandwagon.
Bush shredded crucial parts of posse comitatus law, which had been enacted to prevent the use of military forces in domestic policing. His aim in doing so was was to pave the way for the creation of the "Northern Command," headquartered in Colorado Springs, Colorado, which is responsible for coordinating the use of military forces for domestic policing. The National Guard was also placed under the direct command of the President.
The Department of Homeland Security has created "fusion centers," enormous secret facilities, at least one in every state, which have domestic surveillance (and distribution of largesse to the military/industrial/
intelligence complex) as their primary purposes and which have already been caught spying on groups with no terrorist affiliations.
Major corporations with extensive and repeated fascist involvements include (but are by no means limited to): Allstate, Bank of America, AT&T, Coke, Exxon Mobil, Fed Ex, General Electric, Johnson & Johnson, McDonald's, Microsoft, State Farm, Wal-Mart, and, above all, Motorola. Also extensively implicated is the US Chamber of Commerce, the Business Roundtable, American Friends of Bilderberg, and ALEC.
Some of the most fascist American politicians may be seen here.
The Catholic Church has long been associated with fascism, and conservative Catholics currently dominate the US Supreme Court. Most notably fascist in orientation is Opus Dei.
See also: globalization, class conflict, socialism, plutocracy. For a profile of a typical fascist with characteristic roles in US intelligence, corrupt financial organizations, the Federal Reserve and Bilderberg, see Maurice R. Greenberg.